Can a Bankruptcy Court order the removal of neglected animals from their bankrupt owner?

Apparently so. In a recent Houston bankruptcy case, the Court ordered the removal of 100 Collie dogs from their owner who was in chapter 13 bankruptcy, and had them turned over to a rescue group for care.

Animals are considered personal property, and a bankruptcy court has jurisdiction over all "property of the estate," which is pretty much everything that a bankrupt person owns.

A person can exempt or keep their "household pets" from their creditors under Texas law, but animals held for breeding, making money, likely wouldn't fit the definition of household pets.